POPULATION

Entire population of indian origin upcountry tamil people is currently estimated as 1.5 millian. out of this .75 millian people live outside tea estates and elswhere in the country.only 50% of the people live and work at tea estates and this containes of 3800 families.in 1950 ,six decades ago 90% of above population lived and dependants of tea estates . because of lower wage and poor living conditions people are try to find works outside tea estats and distracted from tea industry.if this tendancy continues in for another five decades there going to be hardley any single workers family going to be left inside in a tea estate.

a tea estate with dwelings

a tea estate with dwelings

it is so cold

it is so cold
there is no way out

sun set pictures near galle

sun set pictures near galle

perspective

perspective
imbulpitiya tea estate near nawalapitiya from the distance

new developments

new developments
after 1972when the parliament passed land ceiling act the hill country border plantations were divided into small portions given to sinhala peasants colonnialising the plantation districts.

workers children.....it is difficult to smile

workers children.....it is difficult to smile

Tuesday, February 16, 2010

the labor movement in the planttation sector

The cooly's lot is not an enviable one.Being poor, ignorant and helpless, he is unable to protect himself against the cupidity and tyranny of unscrupulous recruiters and bad employers.
                                                              
                                                                                      ponnambalam arunachalam, 1916

No apology is required for having started a labour Federation in the planting districts... After a century of suffering the labourer has come to realize that self-help alone can save him... He has found from sad experience that none can help him in the way in which he wishes to be helped.


                        K.Natesa Aiyar, 1931


  Capitalist forms of production had first made inroads into Ceylon in the plantations, but the relationship between worker and employer on plantations retained nonetheless certain feudal features. This was the basic reason for the lack of political or trade-union organizations among plantation workers until 1931.The process of unionization on the plantations developed in isolation from the very active urban movement.The leaders of urban labor were aware of the grievances of the vast mass of unorganized workers on the tea and rubber plantations, but they made no attempt to introduce trade unionism on the plantation or to link the urban and plantation workers in joint action.Although the estate labor force had become more rooted in Ceylon by the late 1920"s, urban politicians and labor leaders regarded the Indian workers as transient aliens with no permanent interest in Ceylon. moreover,when strikes and serious labor trouble  occurred in Colombo, the planters, who were alert to the possibility of labor agitation spreading to the plantations, took great care to isolate their workers from the urban labor movement for example, during the 1923 general strike in Colombo, the planters prevented their workers coming to the city for fear that they might become "infected with the strikers" attitude of mind."
SOURCE : THE RISE OF THE LABOR MOVEMENT IN CEYLON
DR.V.KUMARI JAYAWARDENA

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